Circumcision in the male is the removal of the foreskin of the penis the practice of circumcision dates to ancient times in ancient egypt, prior to biblical times, circumcision was performed to improve male hygiene later, routine circumcision of male infants was part of the abrahamic covenants. The american academy of pediatrics has stated that there is no valid medical reason for performing routine neonatal circumcision although the issue is hotly debated in medical circles, little attention has been given to the issue in the nursing literature. Should you circumcise your baby boy the answer to this question used to be a resounding yes, for many parents in the united states, however as the rationale behind this medical procedure is.
Circumcision is cost effective: it is premature to calculate the cost-effectiveness of routine neonatal circumcision in canada since the rates of complications and benefits remain speculative 7. Since 1971, when the american academy of pediatrics stopped recommending routine infant circumcision, the number of circumcised newborns in the united states has declined the infant circumcision rate is now around 33. Wwwintactamericaorg 10 reasons not to circumcise your baby boy 1 because there is no medical reason for routine circumcision of baby boys no professional medical association in the united states or the rest of the world recommends routine neonatal.
The united states is the only western nation in the world routine neonatal circumcision is a controversial procedure conscientious objectors to circumcision. Circumcision is the most contentious surgery performed in the world today approximately 38% of the world male population has been circumcised, mostly during the neonatal and prepubescent periods. No western nation subjects the majority of its male neonates to prepucectomy except the united states the supporters of routine, nonreligious neonatal circumcision in this country have never. Male circumcision global trends and determinants of the united states of america, canada, australia neonatal circumcision is a simpler procedure than. Existing scientific evidence demonstrates potential medical benefits of newborn male circumcision however, these data are not sufficient to recommend routine neonatal circumcision in circumstances in which there are potential benefits and risks, yet the procedure is not essential to the child's.
Current aap policy on newborn male circumcision states that data are insufficient to recommend routine neonatal circumcision, but recent data suggest that it is time to revise this policy. The united states and israel are the only industrialized countries in the world to have a high incidence of routine infant male circumcision the vast majority of infant circumcisions performed in the united states are for non-religious, non-medical reasons. The circular cut: problematizing the longevity of the practice in the united states today serves to largely insulate the practice opponents of routine. Considering routine neonatal circumcision is the most frequently performed surgery in the united states, it is surprisingly often misunderstood despite medical doctors' vow to uphold the hippocratic oath, primum non nocere (above all, do no harm), circumcision seems to be the exception to their rule. Despite the 1999 american academy of pediatrics (aap) policy statement indicating that routine neonatal circumcision is not medically necessary, circumcision continues to be the most frequently.
The american academy of pediatrics, in its broad policy statement on the subject, does not endorse one specialty practitioner over another for performing neonatal circumcision 5 it's likely that the controversy over who should perform routine neonatal circumcision will not be settled in a single manner across the united states. Circumcision: the uniquely american medical enigma edward wallerstein author of circumcision: an american health fallacy the continuing practice of routine neonatal nonreligious circumcision represents an enigma, particularly in the united states. Not only is circumcision one of the oldest, it remains one of the most common, if not the most common, surgical procedure in the world it is also the subject of interesting anthropological issues [silverman, 2004] egyptian mummies and wall carvings record the practice of circumcision over 4000 years ago [alanis & lucidi, 2004. Circumcision and the united states constitution: forced genital cutting of minors is illegal all persons born or naturalized in the united states, and subject to. Circumcision in the united states of america failure to subject circumcision to the normal protocols for surgery, such as the need for informed consent, evidence.
Can routine neonatal circumcision help prevent human immunodeficiency virus transmission in the united states american journal of men's health 3 (1): 79-84. Complications indeed, not to mention the average 117 neonatal circumcision-related deaths (901/100,000) which occur annually in the united states secondly, narvaez points out that everyone has a right to bodily autonomy and self-determination, and that the only person qualified to make the medical decision is the owner of the penis, as he. Male infant circumcision pain management human subjects: belmont report, 1979) male neonatal circumcision in the united states.
Many medical leaders contended that gairdner 'had a great deal to do with influencing opinion against routine circumcision, and his paper on this subject is still unexcelled' (bmj 1959: 445, see also bmj 1979) scholars such as gollaher and darby - as well as many activists - have attributed the decline in part to the nhs's refusal to. Guidance from many leading medical organizations on the subject of routine, nontherapeutic circumcision of infant boys has been equivocal of pediatrics does not recommend routine neonatal. Circumcision anesthesia for neonatal circumcision despite the debate that continues over the benefits and risks of nonritual neonatal circumcision, it remains one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures in the united states. Neonatal circumcision has been the most common surgery in america for over a century because male circumcision is so common in the states, few americans realize how rare it is most everywhere.
The rates of routine neonatal circumcision over time have varied significantly by country in the united states, hospital discharge surveys estimated rates at 647% in the year 1980, 590% in the year 1990, 624% in the year 2000, and 583% in the year 2010. The incidence of circumcision in the united states today is probably even less many online polls show an incidence of about 50% current data shows that the incidence of circumcision also depends on where you live in the us, with a high of 81% in the midwest to a low of 36% in the west.